Quick Answer: What Are The Main Risk Factors For Cardiovascular Disease?

What are 5 factors that affect your health that you can’t control?

A poor diet, high blood pressure and cholesterol, stress, smoking and obesity are factors shaped by your lifestyle and can be improved through behavior modifications.

Risk factors that cannot be controlled include family history, age and gender..

What are the risk factors of cardiovascular disease that can be controlled?

Controllable risk factors include:Smoking.High LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, and low HDL, or “good” cholesterol.Uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure)Physical inactivity.Obesity.Uncontrolled diabetes.Uncontrolled stress and anger.

What are the signs of an unhealthy heart?

10 SIGNS OF AN UNHEALTHY HEART YOU NEED TO KNOW. Heart problems are the leading cause of death in the United States. … Aching In The Shoulder and Chest. … Snoring and Sleeping Problems. … Difficulty With Sexual Function. … Irregular Heartbeat. … Sore Gums and Jaw, Mouth Problems. … Puffy Legs and Feet. … Shortness Of Breath and Fatigue.More items…

What is primary prevention of cardiovascular disease?

Primary prevention of CVD. • Refers to interventions that aim to. prevent or delay the onset of. cardiovascular disease in people who. have no clinical evidence of CVD.

What are three uncontrollable risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

What are the common cardiovascular diseases?

What Are Cardiovascular Diseases?Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias.Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome.Congenital heart disease.Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries)Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.Heart attack.Heart failure.Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy)More items…•

Is High Blood Pressure a type of cardiovascular disease?

High blood pressure (BP), cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, and lipid abnormalities are major modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Among these, high BP is associated with the strongest evidence for causation and has a high prevalence of exposure.

What are the warning signs of clogged arteries?

Do clogged arteries cause any symptoms?Chest pain.Shortness of breath.Heart palpitations.Weakness or dizziness.Nausea.Sweating.

Is treatment a secondary prevention?

Secondary prevention includes those preventive measures that lead to early diagnosis and prompt treatment of a disease, illness or injury.

What are the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Major risk factors that can’t be changedIncreasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

What is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease?

Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by correctable problems, such as an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking.

What are the 4 most common cardiovascular diseases?

Learn about some of the most common conditions.Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) … Heart Attack. … Arrhythmia. … Heart Failure. … Congenital Heart Defects. … Cardiomyopathy. … Peripheral Artery Disease.

What are 5 risk factors for CVD?

A: Risk factors for heart disease and other cardiovascular disease include:Smoking.Lack of exercise.Diet.Obesity.High blood pressure.High LDL or low HDL cholesterol levels.Family history of heart disease or other cardiovascular disease.Age.

What is the most important independent cardiac risk factor for stroke?

Cardiac Disease. Various cardiac diseases have been shown to increase risk of stroke (Table 1). Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most powerful and treatable cardiac precursor of stroke. The incidence and prevalence of AF increase with age.

What is the greatest controllable risk factor for heart disease?

The leading modifiable (controllable) risk factors for heart disease and stroke are:High blood pressure.High cholesterol.Cigarette smoking.Diabetes.Unhealthy diet and physical inactivity.Overweight and obesity.

What are the 6 secondary CVD risk factors?

If you were to ask just about anyone in these enlightened times what the primary risks are for developing heart disease they would be able to rattle off the main culprits: high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, family history, gender, and smoking.

Can cardiovascular disease be cured?

A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries.

What are the 4 stages of heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.