What Is The Best Treatment For Infantile Spasms?

Can infantile spasms be cured?

Many children with infantile spasms develop other kinds of epilepsy.

(Watch examples of infantile spasms.) “Some of these children can be cured, but successful treatment often depends on prompt diagnosis,” said Hussain..

What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?

Infantile spasms is a complex and rare disorder that can have very serious consequences. It can lead to death in some babies, and cause intellectual disabilities and developmental problems in others. Even once the seizures are gone, the damaging brain effects can remain.

What does West Syndrome look like?

West syndrome is a constellation of symptoms characterized by epileptic/infantile spasms, abnormal brain wave patterns called hypsarrhythmia and intellectual disability.

Do infantile spasms show up on EEG?

Infantile spasms are a very specific type of seizure with a characteristic age of onset (a typical age when seizures start). They are nearly always accompanied by a very characteristic pattern on the electroencephalogram (EEG). This pattern is called ‘hypsarrhythmia’.

What is the best medicine for muscle spasms?

Muscle Relaxants for Muscle SpasmsBaclofen (Lioresal)Carisoprodol (Soma)Cyclobenzaprine (Amrix)Metaxalone (Skelaxin)Methocarbamol (Robaxin)

Does West syndrome go away?

West syndrome (also called infantile spasms) should go away by the time your child is 4 years old. But most people who had it will get another kind of epilepsy or seizure condition in childhood or as an adult. About 1 in 5 will have Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, a severe form of epilepsy with multiple types of seizures.

Can infantile spasms go away on their own?

The sooner your little one starts treatment for infantile spasms or West syndrome, the better, because this condition can affect how his mind and body develop. In some cases, the seizures and spasms will stop on their own, but most children will need treatment.

How long do infantile spasms last?

Infantile spasms are considered an age-specific epilepsy. They typically begin in an infant between 3 and 8 months of age. In most children, IS starts by 1 year of age and usually stop by 2 to 4 years of age.

How do you stop infantile spasms?

Infantile spasms usually are treated with seizure medicines or steroids. If medicines don’t control the spasms, a special diet, such as the ketogenic diet, might help. Sometimes, doctors may recommend surgery.

How do I know if I have infantile spasms?

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items…

Are infantile spasms an emergency?

Infantile Spasms (IS) are a medical emergency. Infantile spasms are a rare, but very serious type of seizure. Infantile spasms are caused by a condition in a baby’s brain and include repetitive, but often subtle movements—such as jerking of the mid-section, dropping of the head, raising of the arms or wide-eyed blinks.

Do infantile spasms cause mental retardation?

Infantile spasms (IS), i.e., West syndrome, as an epileptic encephalopathy, represents one of the major causes of acquired mental retardation in early childhood (Roger and Dulac, 1994).

Do infantile spasms hurt?

Each spasm usually lasts less than 10 seconds. A cluster or severe spasms can last for minutes. After a spasm, the baby may cry or laugh. The spasms do not cause pain, but the baby may cry because the quick jerking movement surprises them.

How many times a day do infantile spasms occur?

There may only be a few spasms in a cluster or there may be many, even more than one hundred. Very occasionally, only one spasm will occur at a time. In between clusters of spasms many hours without spasms can occur. Occasionally more than a day will pass without a cluster of spasms.

How quickly does vigabatrin work for infantile spasms?

Vigabatrin terminated the spasms in 101 patients (56.9%) at a mean period of 5 days. Patients with normal psychomotor development prior to the onset of spasms responded best.

Do infantile spasms happen while sleeping?

The spasms are brief, often lasting one or two seconds. They tend to occur in clusters where the infant may have several spasms over a few minutes. Spasms often occur when the infant is falling asleep or waking up from sleep. They rarely occur during sleep.

What do Infantile seizures look like?

For an example of how a focal seizure might look, click here. Infantile spasm: The infant may experience spasms characterized by stiffening of the arms and legs, bending forward, and arching of the back. This rarer form of seizures usually occurs between 4-8 months of birth.

How common are infantile spasms?

Infantile spasms (also known as West syndrome) is a form of epilepsy that occurs in 1 in 2,000 children. It typically begins between 2-12 months of age and peaks between 4-8 months of age.